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Tag Archives: common

Most common joint procedures not backed by high quality evidence

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Most common bone and joint (orthopaedic) procedures, such hip replacements and shoulder repair surgery, are not backed up by high quality evidence, mainly because of a lack of definitive trials, suggests an analysis of data published by The BMJ today. Yet despite the lack of strong supporting evidence, some of these procedures are still recommended by ...

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Viruses are the most common cause of myocarditis in children, experts offer guidance

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Myocarditis in children is a rare yet challenging condition to treat. Diagnosis and treatment includes multiple options, and many cases of myocarditis resolve on their own, according to a new scientific statement from the American Heart Association, “Diagnosis and Management of Myocarditis in Children,” published today in Circulation. The scientific statement writing group reviewed the latest ...

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Study suggests a common mechanism underlies some behavioral traits seen in autism and schizophrenia

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and other brain imaging technologies allow for the study of differences in brain activity in people diagnosed with schizophrenia. The image shows two levels of the brain, with areas that were more active in healthy controls than in schizophrenia patients shown in orange, during an fMRI study of working memory. Credit: Kim J, Matthews NL, ...

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As COVID rules ease, common colds rebound across America

Infectious disease expert Ravina Kullar’s husband has a cold. So does her sister-in-law. Meanwhile, the Cleveland Clinic’s waiting rooms are becoming much more frequented by folks with coughs, sneezes and sniffles, said family medicine physician Dr. Neha Vyas. These folks are part of a nationwide trend occurring as COVID-19 vaccinations rise, masks drop, protective restrictions lift, and life returns to ...

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Researchers identify how most common breast cancer becomes resistant to treatment

Mammograms showing a normal breast (left) and a breast with cancer (right). Credit: Public Domain City of Hope, a world-renowned cancer research and treatment center, has identified how cancer cells in patients with early-stage breast cancer change and become resistant to hormone or combination therapies, according to a new study published in Nature Cancer. About 80% of breast cancer cases ...

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New research uncovers how cancers with common mutation develop resistance to targeted drugs

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain A new study by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute researchers has given scientists their first look at the genomic landscape of tumors that have grown resistant to drugs targeting the abnormal KRASG12C protein. Their work shows that, far from adopting a common route to becoming resistant, the cells take a strikingly diverse set of avenues, often several at ...

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Study finds most common protein in blood is instrumental in enabling human fertilization and fighting infection

Credit: CC0 Public Domain A new University of California, Irvine-led study reveals albumin (Alb), among the most abundant proteins in the body, activates a proton channel (hHv1), also widespread in the body, giving sperm the ability to penetrate and fertilize an egg, and allowing white blood cells to secrete large amounts of inflammatory mediators to fight infection. The study titled ...

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Most cancer cells grown in a dish have little in common with cancer cells in people

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain In a bid to find or refine laboratory research models for cancer that better compare with what happens in living people, Johns Hopkins Medicine scientists report they have developed a new computer-based technique showing that human cancer cells grown in culture dishes are the least genetically similar to their human sources. The finding, they say, should ...

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Asymptomatic pertussis more common in infants than previously thought

Credit: axelle b/public domain A new study challenges long-standing assumptions about disease severity in infants, and suggests that standard qPCR interpretations underestimate the true burden of other highly contagious diseases, such as COVID-19 and influenza. Pertussis, also known as “whooping cough,” remains a significant cause of death in infants and young children around the world, and despite global vaccination programs, ...

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